Biologically hazardous material is infectious material or other biological material that poses a risk or potential risk to human, animal or environmental health.
Biologically hazardous substances include:
Organisms and viruses that are transmitted to humans, animals or plants (eg parasites, viruses, bacteria, fungi, prions, rickettsiae), human cells and cultured animals
Biologically active substances that cause disease in other living organisms or can have a significant impact on the environment or society. (i.e. poisons, allergens, poisons). Biosafety risk management is the best way to determine the correct level of Biosafety (BSL) and safety practices needed for your work or the release of biohazard materials that might occur.
It must be based on the agent and the manipulation of the agent that you will run. Risk assessment must be carried out before starting to work with biohazardous agents or when existing procedures, protocols and SOPs are changing. The main steps for risk assessment are summarized below.
Identification of risk groups associated with biohazardous active ingredients. The risk classification indicates specific hazards associated with bacteria, viruses, or other biological hazards. See the following references for your agent.
Identify the dangers of laboratory procedures. Processes that produce aerosols, work with sharp animals, work with animals, work with large quantities / biologically concentrated hazardous materials, and many other processes carried out in ordinary laboratories, can have different risks.